INNO Skin Care Routines for the Summer Season
With summer around the corner we need to recall some skin care routine constants in order to prepare our skin.
The most important step is keeping your skin clean. We must bear in mind that if the skin is not clean, the best treatment will fail. When the skin pores are blocked with dirt and pollution the active ingredients present in the creams, emulsions, lotions and/or mask are usually not properly absorbed by the skin making difficult to complete their mission of reaching the deepest skin layers and accomplish their actions. So, keeping the skin clean is essential to have a radiant skin without impurities and guarantee the efficacy of the treatments. In Innoaesthetics, we recommend you to use our Soft Cleanser, a powerful cleanser designed with actives that not only cleanse the skin but also protect the hydrolipidic film and the skin Ph in order to preserve the natural conditions of your skin. We recommend cleansing the skin twice a day; at morning in order to remove the secretions generated during the sleeping hours, and at night in order to remove the reminders of make-up and other impurities accumulated along the day.
Once you have cleansed your skin, we need to rebalance it and enhance turgor and tone. To that end we should spray Innoaesthetics’ NMF Tonic as the combination of its ingredients allows the regulation of the inner condition of the skin preserving it in proper condition and at optimal hydration level. Our tip: Use it always after having cleansed the skin and have properly rinsed the face having removed all the cleanser remainders but – important secret – if use it twice or three times more along the day your skin will remain firm and with a natural glow.
We cannot forget to moisture our skin and protect it from the sun during daytime, and there’s no better way than appliying Epigen 180 Urban Day Cream SPF 20 , a new concept in the cosmetic field developed by Innoaesthetics, which is a silky-textured cream that has a transforming power as it modulates the gens that are implied in the biological processes of skin aging and which also has moisturizer and regenerative long-term effects and protective properties against free radicals, oxidation, pollution and solar radiation.
However, if you are a very active person highly exposed to sun and UV radiation, you need reinforcement for solar protection. That is why we have products that protect your skin and which have been designed to satisfy the different needs of different skin types, normal skins, oily skins, or those that just desire not only protect but also improve skin appearance and even the skin tone; to achieve all these purposes we invite you to discover Coverage UVP 50+, which combines make-up, extreme protection and regenerative properties for all skin types.
At nights, after having cleaned and toned our skin, we should deeply nourish it by applying our Skin Repair whose combination of actives allows a powerful regulating effect as a response to free radicals, improves blood flow, controls skin renewal processes and preserves skin hydration and so it can work during the sleeping hours. We shouldn’t forget the eye contour, as it is a delicate area we should be specially attentive with it and that is why our Eye Revitalizer was created; it is composed by ingredients that improve the elasticity and firmness of the area, reduce liquid retention and the brownish-grey color helping the eye to recover a young and luminous look.
Besides all that, never forget that cigarettes, drinking too much coffee and other toxic elements are enemies for our skin. We also should take into account that a healthy diet is essential for a radiant and young-looking skin. You will feel much better if you eat enough fruit and vegetables and avoid fats and refined sugar, and that will definitely be reflected in your face.
HYPERPIGMENTATION OF THE SKIN
Hyperpigmentations are innocuous dark spots caused by an increase in melanin production in a localized area. There are different types of hyperpigmentation triggered mainly by sun exposure, hormonal disorders, healing processes of the skin, or genetic factors.
Most of the population suffers or has suffered some type of hyperpigmentation at some time in their life.
How do hyperpigmentations form?
The Melanin are dark pigments that determine the color of the skin and protect the skin cells from UV radiation by absorbing radiation UVA and UVB .
Melanin is produced by Melanocytes (skin cells specializing in the production of melanin and found in the basal layer of our epidermis) through a very complex process known as Melanogenesis, which is activated thanks to the Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone ( MSH). The enzyme Tyrosinase (present in our skin) also plays a very important role in the synthesis of melanin or melanogenesis, and in fact the oxidation of this enzyme is the first step and the trigger of melanogenesis.Once it has formed, melanin will be transported from the melanocytes to the Keratinocytes (cells located in the outermost layer of the skin) through organelles alled Melanosomes .
In summary, the increase in melanocytes or their stimulation will result in an overproduction of melanin.
Melanogenesis leads to the formation of 2 types of melanin in the human epidermis: eumelanin , black / brown and pheomelaninreddish / yellowish. The excess of eumelanin, although mixed with the softer tone pheomelanin, will lead to the formation of hyperpigmentation in certain areas, and it will be the percentages of eumelanin and pheomelanin that will determine the tone or color of the stain.
People with dark skin are more susceptible to hyperpigmentation than people with light phototypes because they have the capacity to produce more melanin.
Types of Hyperpigmentation and How to Treat
- Freckles or Efélides
It is the most common type of hyperpigmentation. They are discrete brown spots that appear on the upper part of the cheeks after sun exposure. They are genetic, very common in people with light skin. They are accentuated after sun exposure and are attenuated when they are not exposed to the sun, so they usually do not require treatment. What they do require is the use of a good sunscreen.
Freckles do not disappear completely, but can be attenuated with the use of depigmenting elements such a Dark Spot Remover.
- Solar Lentigos, Age Stains
They are pigmented macules induced by UV radiation, with a well-defined edge, the color of which can vary from light brown to black. The level of severity varies depending on the solar radiation to which it has been exposed over time.Its appearance may resemble that of malignant melanoma, so it is necessary to visit a specialist to obtain a proper diagnosis, in case of doubt. Solar lentigo can be totally eliminated thanks to the Me Line Spots treatment.
It consists of 2 phases: A professional use treatment that must be applied by the specialist; and a maintenance and home use treatment, essential for the control of melanin production and to prevent the reoccurrence of lentigo.
This treatment should always be prescribed, performed and supervised by your specialist or dermatologist.
- Melasma / Chloasma
They are large and diffuse spots of light / medium brown that normally appear on the face. They can vary in size and shape, and their edges are not clearly defined. These pigmentations are more common in women than in men since they are normally activated by hormonal changes, often caused by the use of oral contraceptives, pregnancy, etc. They worsen very significantly with sun exposure.
MELINE’s proposal to treat this condition is:
Caucasian Skin and Ethnic Skin , two different products for different skin phototypes . In both cases, its mechanism inhibits the oxidation of tyrosinase, preventing the synthesis of melanin, and reduces the epidermal deposits of melanin.
They also combine a product of application in the clinic with two home treatments, essential for the success of the treatment.
- PIH, Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation that appears after having suffered a wound or burn.
People affected by inflammatory acne are very susceptible to this type of pigmentation.
Its color is pink, reddish or brown. It is formed during the natural healing process of the skin. The inflammation of the epidermis stimulates melanocytes, which increases the production of melanin.
It may disappear naturally over time, but it is always advisable to treat it and accelerate its disappearance.
FAQS ABOUT SUNSCREENS
Nowadays, the huge flow of information on the Internet and the rising organic trends have arisen an ongoing debate on whether we should or not use sun creams containing chemicals. On one hand, the media is warning of the dangers of UV rays and dermatologists recommend using high SPF sunscreens to prevent skin cancer; on the other, some voices maintain that a healthy lifestyle should be linked to 100% natural products despite they could be less effective.
The truth is that, whether we like it or not, we all should protect ourselves as much as we can from the damaging UV radiation to prevent skin cancer and use it every single day if we also want to prevent photoaging and hyperpigmentation.
In this post, we are going to answer some questions about sun creams and give you some tips about how to properly use them and store them.
IS THERE ANY DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SUNBLOCK AND SUNSCREEN?
Though most people use both words interchangeably, there is a difference between them as they act differently and use different types of filters.
Sunscreens are a combination of active ingredients, such as Avobenzone, Octisalate, Oxybenzone, Homosalate, etc., that work as chemical filters to protect from UV damage. When you apply sunscreen, UV radiation still go through the skin, but it is absorbed by the filters and transformed into heat energy, reducing significantly its potential damaging effects. They should be applied around 30 min before being exposed to let the actives penetrate. Usually are remarkably invisible.
Sunblocks are composed of mineral or physical filters (generally less damaging to the environment) such as Zinc oxide or Titanium dioxide. These filters form a layer on the skin surface and reflect off a wide range of UV rays, preventing them from penetrating the skin. They offer immediate protection and are highly effective though normally thicker and much more visible than sunscreens.
Nowadays, most cosmetic brands combine these two types of filters to offer the effectivity of physical filters without losing the cosmetic properties the chemical ones, that can also have moisturizing and antioxidant effects. This fact also explains why in vernacular language these terms are equally accepted as sun creams regardless the amount of chemical or mineral filters they contain.
COULD SUN CREAMS REALLY BE WATER RESISTANT?
Some are made of specific components to better resist sweat and water, mostly those which are specially recommended for sports. However, remember to apply it 30 min before if it contains any chemical filters.
Some of these protectors are labeled with indications that water resistance last only for 30 or 40 min, but it does not mean that after that time you must go back to your towel to reapply more sun cream, they do lose some effectivity after that time but they should be still protecting you.
What would certainly wash off physical filters, more than water, is friction, so avoid scratching your skin or toweling off after having applied it.
CAN I USE MY SUNSCREEN/SUNBLOCK FROM ONE YEAR TO ANOTHER?
Cosmetic products in Europe have one or two expiration dates, that is, the shelf life and the PAO (period after opening).
The SHELF LIFE indicates the time that the product will keep its original strength before opening. Although expiration dates are not required in all countries ―in U.S., for instance, they are not required―it is recommended not keeping them for longer than 3 years.
The PAO determines the period during which the product will be stable and in good condition after the first opening. It is normally indicated by a symbol of an open jar with the time in months inside the symbol.
All European cosmetics with a lifespan longer than 30 months must present the PAO. In U.S., though being not required, many products also include it.
Remember that if you do not store the product correctly it may go bad before expiration.
HOW TO KNOW IF HAS GONE BAD?
Cosmetics can lose stability for two main reasons:
1. You haven’t stored it properly. Sun protectors and cosmetics in general don’t like direct sunlight, extreme heat, nor severe temperature changes, so they will last longer if you keep them in a cool and dry place, away from direct sunlight.
2. The product has expired: As mentioned before, check the expiration date and PAO.
You can easily detect if your sun cream is in bad condition: If the components have dissociated, you may notice different textures such as liquid and a thick paste that are not mixing together. The smell and colour may have also changed due to degradation.
If it has happened to your sun cream, better get rid of it and invest in a new one!
OUR RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS FOR THIS SUMMER: